The Iliad, the Odyssey, Hesiod’s Theogony and Works and Days, and the Homeric Hymns formed the foundation for all of ancient Greek literature and they were the basis for a large swathe of ancient Greek culture.Of these poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey were the most important and influential. Three Values of Greek Society in the Odyssey Essay. Many readers think of "The Iliad" as a daunting text. “The Iliad“ (Gr: “Iliás“ ) is an epic poem by the ancient Greek poet Homer, which recounts some of the significant events of the final weeks of the Trojan War and the Greek siege of the city of Troy (which was also known as Ilion, Ilios or Ilium in ancient times). The honor of every person in Homeric culture was important, but to the hero, his honor was paramount. The focus of both poems are manly acts taken in the face of great adversity. Homer uses his skill as a playwright, poet, and philosopher to inform the audience of the history, prides, and achievements of the ancient Greeks, and, also, to tell of the many values and the multi-faceted culture of the ancient Greek caste. The shield of Achilles plays a major part in the Iliad. The Iliad is an epic tale of war and hero's within the Greek way of life. Spear and sword are the weapons of respect in the Iliad. People would often pay to hear the bards describe stories of the distant past. Read More on This Topic. Make sure the scene on the pottery is from the Iliad or Odyssey and can answer your research question . Classical Greek society. The only way for a man to win distinction was to be a great warrior, but choosing such a life almost certainly meant an early death. The Iliad details a short time toward the end of the war, while the Odyssey deals with a period, almost tens years later, when Odysseus is returning home after the war. The Iliad and Greek Heroes. Ancient Greeks were hospitable even when they did not want to be. The archaeological correlate for the societies who were participating in the Trojan War in the Iliad and the Odyssey is the Helladic or Mycenaean culture. King of Mt. Still, some believe that the Greek alphabet did not exist until after Homer’s death, and his poems were not recorded until much later. Throughout the ages, many people feel they have a statement to make, and make this statement through literature. The motivation for any Homeric Greek is glory, or "Kleos", that is to be honored and respected among their people. It took place around the time that a civilization that we call Mycenaean flourished in Greece. It can sometimes be difficult for modern audiences to understand the sheer importance of the … The Iliad is an epic poem written by the ancient Greek poet Homer. “The world is full of wonders, but nothing is more wonderful than man.”. Olympus, Zeus is the most powerful god and ruler of the sky. Achilles is Seriously Miffed. The Odyssey and Greek Traditions. The Greeks regarded the Iliad as a source of ancient wisdom about how human beings should live. The Iliad and the Odyssey are poems relating adventures surrounding the Trojan War. Written in the mid-8th Century BCE, “The Iliad” is usually considered to be the earliest work in the whole Western literary tradition, and … Characters emerge as worthy or despicable basedon their degree of competence and bravery in battle. The varied female characters in Iliad clearly reflects the influence of the story on the Greek society, and the society… But Caroline Alexander, whose new translation of the classic work by Homer comes out Nov. 24, … They do not appear to have b… The Greeks had numerous values and customs, of which the primary principles are the mental characteristics of an individual, the physical ch… The Odyssey is an epic whose events are thought to have taken place in … The notion of personal honor is prevalent throughout the Iliad. Prelude to the Peloponnesian War. The Iliad. Female Characters In Sophocles's Iliad 1268 Words | 6 Pages. In Greek society, women are portrayed negatively and inferior to men, the role they play is to emphasize aspects of men and they’re never given their own true identity, personality or opinion. In Homers epic, The Odyssey, various aspects of the ancient Greeks are revealed through the actions, characters, plot, and wording. Zeus. Practice: Classical Greece . Tell what Greek literature the scene is from (Homer's Iliad or Homer's Odyssey); Explain what the decoration tells us about heroes in ancient Greek culture (role model, strength, bravery, etc.) Philosophy: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Practice: Classical Greek culture and society. Achilles, on the other hand,wins eternal glory by explicitly rejecting the option of a long,comfortable, uneventful life at home. Aside from when the poems were first written down, what the poems do tell us is that oral storytelling was as much a professional job and talent in the time of Homer as writing is today. He would certainly not, therefore, have the knowledge of ethical and moral philosophy we have, and may well have not made a mental distinction between morality, ethics and values. The text itself seems to supportthis means of judging character and extends it even to the gods.The epi… However, in a less literal or concrete sense, every man in that society had to make such a choice. The Odyssey focuses on life’s greater purpose through the fulfillment of destiny, perseverance, and loyalty. A predominant and consistent theme of honor and glory reside throughout the poem. Iliad, epic poem in 24 books traditionally attributed to the ancient Greek poet Homer. The Greeks' greatest warrior is Achilles, Mr. Invincible, but he is now … At times, the role of the gods can seem metaphorical, explaining strange changes in the moods and strength of men. Many people assume they know what The Iliad is about. Although at first glance, Homer’s “Iliad” may not seem to be a criticism of society, underneath all the violence and deep storylines there is a message dying to get out. Homer clearly depicted the importance of hospitality throughout “The Odyssey” as Odysseus traveled to faraway places and was in need of help from others. This quote shows that the Greeks valued themselves, but also their intellect in which they know that the world about them is great. That is around or before 1200 B.C. One can make a strong argument that The Iliadseemsto celebrate war. The Iliad and the Odyssey. The Trojan War is thought to have taken place near the end of the Bronze Age. Iliad. Classical Greek culture. The poem begins with Agamemnon ’s refusal to give back the daughter of Apollo’s priest. Emphasis is put on living by the heroic code. The Greeks valued beauty, art, intellect, honor, and truth; the list is long. The role of women in “The Iliad” by Homer Essay Sample. It portrays the story of the Achaeans and their fight against the Trojans in a microcosm of the larger story. What makes their drama and comedy unique? Forged by the god, Hephaestus, who was a crippled smith, it depicts the two cities and the happenings within, as well as Agamemnon's kingly… This is the currently selected item. . What archaeologists think of as Mycenaean culture grew out of the Minoan cultures on the Greek mainland between 1600 and 1700 BC, and spread to the Aegean islands by 1400 BC. Practice: Classical Greek society. The Odyssey as a social register and it deals with life and manners of Homer's age. He is related to every … The direct effect of this is felt when Apollo rains plague on the Achaean troops. 551 Words3 Pages. The Iliad and the Odyssey were the very rough equivalent what the Old/New Testament were to Judeo-Christian society for a great deal of history. He could not endure insults, and he felt that he had to protect his reputation — even unto death. The Iliad is Homer's epic poem about an ancient war, gods and goddesses who no longer exist in our collective unconscious, and a society that has long since vanished. So what exactly is The Iliad … Frontispiece of Homer's The Iliad, translated by John Ogilby, 1660; engraving by Wenceslas Hollar. Paris, forexample, doesn’t like to fight, and correspondingly receives thescorn of both his family and his lover. It ends when the Achaeans (people mainly from what we now call Greece) sack Troy/Ilium (located in modern day Turkey). Ancient literature, especially ancient Greek epics, explore what it means to be human and part of a community. Nature of drama and comedy show us that greeks view themselves as less than gods yet able to have conversation with them. They built great palaces and developed a system of writing. The Iliad: The Iliad tells the final chapter in the story of two major Bronze Age “Greek” alliances battling each other. The short answer? Homer does tell the story of the war between the Trojans and Greeks, but the main purpose of the text was simply just to put it on paper and to preserve the culture. Helping your fellow man was an important aspect of ancient Greek society. Homer lived in the pre-Socratic era, and probably even around 2 centuries before Thales of Miletus (considered to be the first Greek philosopher by Aristotle). However, the gods of the Iliad also sometimes act directly. Back to Top of Page. Classical Greek Society and Culture. The Iliad does more to glorify war because it shows a romanticized version of what can only be described as gory and dire. The negative portrayal of woman is shown in the Iliad and the Odyssey. What does the nature of Greek drama and comedy tell us about how the Greeks view themselves? During the Greek Dark Age, poets called bards traveled to different poli.The bards told stories in the form of long poems called epics. The earliest accounts of this war come from Homer, who lived around the eighth century B.C., several centuries after the events took place. 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