Many families went in debt, many girl’s father committed suicide and even girls committed suicide. It has become extremely difficult to arrange a girl’s marriage without a dowry. Retrieved 28 March 2015. As such, without a dowry. INDIA’S ELECTORAL POLITICS: RELEVANCE AND SIGNIFICANCE. The dowry system in India refers to the durable goods, cash, and real or movable property that the bride's family gives to the bridegroom, his parents and his relatives as a condition of the marriage. causes of dowry in india, causes of dowry system, causes. It varies depending upon urban, rural, caste and family background. 2. |
Rising number of dowry deaths in India 11. Abstract - Practice of dowry poses heavy threat to the life of females. Some parents auction their son for marriage. Marriage and Dowry. Dowry System Essay Introduction. Circa 1800 In the last 100 years, the dowry system has taken over the brideprice system, and the existing dowry system is becoming more entrenched in cultures that have practiced it traditionally.  Until then it was unclear as to daughter’s inheritance laws in India after Al-Biruni’s visit in 11th Century. United Nations Charter contains many provisions for the advancement of women as they prefer equality between both men and women. Dowry is an age old practice in Indian society referring to property or valuable security given by one party to another as a consideration for marriage. The price of dowry is fixed differently for different occupation people as the level of occupation rises dowry’s amount rises. Kellogg essay analysis neil postman orwell huxley essay. The state government may appoint as many Dowry Prohibition Officers as it thinks fit and specify the areas in respect of which they shall exercise their jurisdiction and powers under this Act. What is Dowry?3. There were no proper inheritance laws prior to British Raj till 1956. In today’s scenario, dowry is fixed based on caste, creed, colour, education and earnings of grooms to be. The dowry becomes also encouraged because of reasons like parents don’t laying enough emphasis on educating their daughters as they feel husbands will support them later. Dowry stemmed from India's skewed inheritance laws, and the Hindu Succession Act needed to be amended to stop the routine disinheritance of daughters. Harassing girls physically by denying food, water and locking them in house. Dowry law in India 9.Dowry death new ruling India 10. Dowry is exchanged in a majority of Indian weddings. The function of Dowry Prohibition Officer is to see the provision of this Act is compiled or not, to prevent as far as possible the taking or abetting the taking of or demanding of dowry and to collect such evidence as may be necessary for the prosecution of persons committing offences under this Act. Hence India as a party to the “Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action” and various other covenants and declarations, must exercise with due diligence with regards to dowry deaths to ensure the realization of human rights. The word ‘dowry’ means the property and money that a bride brings to her husband’s house at the time of her marriage. Your email address will not be published. P. S. Jaswal & Nishtha Jaswal, Anti-Dowry Legislation in India : An Appraisal, 30 Journal of the Indian Law Institute 78–87 (1988). STEP 4: SWOT Analysis of the Dowry System 2 HBR Case Solution: Pest analysis. It has been an ancient and widespread practice. As a result of which it has become a part of every marriage in Indian society. The system should, therefore, not be entirely ignored or banned with the view of its disadvantages only. Dowry system is one of the worst evil cultures in this society that deviates social progress and prosperity day by day. Essays on dowry system in english for academic essay v.s.  James G. Lochtefeld, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: A-M, Rosen Publishing, ISBN 9780823931798; 203. Dowry is an age old practice in Indian society referring to property or valuable security given by one party to another as a consideration for marriage. According to section 4 of the Act any person who demands dowry directly or indirectly from the parents or relatives of the either spouses as the case may be, shall be punishable with a term not less than 6 months which may extend to two years and with a fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees. On the other hand Article 16 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 envisages “Men and women without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and form a family. Numerous incidents of bride burning, harassment and physical torture of newlywed women and various kinds of pressure tactics being adopted by the husbands/inlaws’ pressurizing for more dowry have - The origin of dowry  Ratan Lal vs State of Madhya Pradesh 1994 Cri LJ 1684. In many cases evidence is washed off and the victim is even buried or burned in a mysterious condition. The practice of taking and giving Dowry was first originated in the late Vedic period between 2500 B.C. And the understanding of educational reforms in hong kong, economics is the actual material in some of the nonveterans at midlife. Dowry is a payment of cash or gifts from the bride's family to the bridegroom's family upon marriage. The agreement for giving or taking dowry is to be void. Every day at least 20 women die because of dowry related violence. Practices are passed down by word of mouth and in some cases, re-interpreted to align with the changing times. Dowry System is the hidden truth of Indian marriages. Physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring in the family, including battering, sexual abuse of female children in the household, dowry-related violence, marital rape, female genital mutilation and other traditional practices harmful to women, non-spousal violence and violence related to exploitation.  Sec 3(1) Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961. Section 304(B) Indian Penal Code deals with dowry death. CNN-IBN. However, it has turned into an evil social system over the years. Dowry is a stigma in society. Upper-class families are more likely to engage in the dowry system than the reduce class. India as a party to various International Conventions too failed to comply with the women’s right against violence. LEGISLATIVE PROVISIONS IN RELATION TO DOWRY: THE ETHICS OF HEDGE FUNDS: A DIAGNOSIS AND PROGNOSIS OF THE INDUSTRY, LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL AND TRANSGENDER RIGHTS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO INDIAN AND INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES, Download “DOWRY SYSTEM: TRADITION OR PRESTIGE? Theme: Newsup by Themeansar. GOODS AND SERVICES TAX: A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS. The question lies as to how far the extent of taking or giving of the dowry has spread. It was claimed that the ancient code of Manu sanctioned dowry and bridewealth in ancient India, but dowry was the most prestigious form and associated with upper-caste (Priestly caste) and was restricted in the lower caste. Now a woman can file a complaint against the persons harassing her for the dowry, may it be six years or more. For human right activists dowry is a practice spreading social evils and violence against women. Dowry system is a social evil and owes its origination to ignorance and illiteracy. Daughter’s parents are forced to pay a heavy amount to the groom’s family.  According to McDonell and Keith during 200-700 B.C. The dowry system in. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press. Review: Government Law College Thrissur, Kerala, Prevention Of Atrocities Against SCs And STs - Social Laws Today. To some it’s the tradition acceptable by their forefathers, so they too find a need to follow it. The word “Dowry” denotes any property, moveable or immovable given or agreed to be given at the time of marriage either directly or indirectly generally under coercion or pressure. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. The Act extends to whole of India except Jammu & Kashmir. Dowry or Dahej is the payment in cash or/and kind by the bride’s family to the bridegroom’ s family along with the giving away of the bride in Indian marriage. And some are making it a prestige issue as to the quantum of the dowry given in marriage to their daughters should be more than others, belonging to the same community or caste. 2), Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co. (London, 1910.) In fact, the whole affair has assumed the proportion of a scandal. This convention is specifically articulated its aim to modify the social and cultural patterns of the conduct of men and women with a view to achieving the elimination of the prejudices and customs and all other practices based on the idea of inferiority or superiority of the either sexes or stereotyped roles of men and women.. Download “DOWRY SYSTEM: TRADITION OR PRESTIGE? Dowry system is one of the greatest evils of our society. Well our country India is known for customs and practices.  James Lochtefeld suggests that bridal adornment with jewellery, ceremonial dress along with the gifts that were her property, not demanded by the groom in marriage was listed by Manu and others. In relation to the clarification of “streedhan” and dowry, it was held that any valuables given to the bridal couple in connection with marriage constitutes dowry and any property given to or meant for the bride constitute “streedhan”. In Sushil Kumar Sharma v. Union of India, the decision was upheld by the Supreme Court and further held that the courts can take cognizance of the offence only when it receives the report of the fact from police or upon a complaint made by the victim or her relatives, under Code of Criminal Procedure for the prosecution of offences under 498A IPC. Extortion in the name of social standing, compensation for the cost of groom’s education, his financial stability is a key feature of Indian marriages. And the documentary evidences suggest that beginning of the 20th-century bride price, rather than dowry was the common custom. Dowry has evolved as a material acquisition and has become increasingly important at all levels of society. In concern with a number of dowry-related issues and offences Government of India introduced many legislative provisions.  “Amend dowry law to stop its misuse, SC tells Govt”. Girl children are neglected, sex – selective abortion is also the main result of dowry system. The dowry tradition has decreased a little because nowadays parents are educating their daughters and making them career oriented. The contemporary dowry no longer resembles the old traditional version but instead has evolved as material acquisition and became increasingly important to all levels of the society. As a means of deterrence, the Indian Penal Code has incorporated Section 304-B (dowry deaths) and 498-A, dowry related violence by the husband and in-laws of the bride and penalty therewith. Due to dowry system in Indian societies many other social evils have taken birth. Dowry system in kannada essay Dowry system in kannada essay. How many words are dissertations harley davidson marketing strategy case study. A work of artifice analysis essay Numerous incidents of bride burning, harassment and physical torture of newlywed women and various kinds of pressure tactics being adopted by the husbands/inlaws’ pressurizing for more dowry have - It was to support the girl since she did not inherit anything under Hindu Law. Irrespective of the religion or caste it is spread all over the Indian sub-continent neighbouring countries of Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh. Hari Swarup, For Whom the Law Is Made, 228 (1981). Argumentative essay on should college athletes be paid essay on indian mathematics essay words system simple Dowry in. Dowry system is a tradition that does not belong to a single country, it is in all over the world. Advocates of the dowry system may support various unfair causes to support it but the fact is that it does more harm to society as a whole. Dowry system is as old as man is. Dowry is a social evil. History Of Dowry. But there are families in today’s world who don’t seek for dowry and even some people split the expenses of the marriage in between the families. History 4. 1. Dowry system has given rise to many socio economic problems with very serious consequences. “Little Dowry, No Sati: The Lot of Women in the Vedic Period.” Journal of South Asia Women Studies 2, no. Physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring within the general community, including rape, sexual abuse, sexual harassment and intimidation at work, in educational institutions and elsewhere, trafficking in women and forced prostitution. Dowry problem still exists in Bangladesh, Explain the dowry system in Bangladesh and its prevention measure. There is a saying that “girl’s family has to save every single penny since birth for her marriage”. The penalty for giving or taking dowry, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than five years and with fine which shall not be less than fifteen thousand rupees or the amount of the value of such dowry, whichever is more. 2. There are cases where Muslim girls were given instant triple Talaq for not fulfilling demands of dowry. Now, the system has become a social evil. Introduction: Dowry (joutuk or English meaning demand) is a (custom) shift from the bride’s family to the groom and his family, and is not directly related to Islamic Personal law. In ancient times, it was considered as a sort of help to the newlyweds to establish their own home. In summary, two main factors drive dowry, the caste system … Where should a first year Law student intern?  Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women – UN Documents: Gathering a body of global agreements”. Donate Now. The penalty of demanding dowry from bride’s relatives or guardians shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months, but which may extend to two years and fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees. WAKE UP BEFORE IT’S TOO LATE: MARITAL RAPE AND CRIMINAL LAW. Causes of Dowry System 1. Section 113-A, Indian Evidence Act deals with presumption as to the abetment of suicide by a married woman. Abstract - Practice of dowry poses heavy threat to the life of females. It has ever been an essential part of a marriage. The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights, 1993 states “The human rights of women and girl child are inalienable, integral and indivisible part of the universal human rights”. The system of dowry is practiced in every religion but the dower in Muslim Personal Law is not dowry. 4 (1996). The Dowry System in India: Is the Trend Changing? The word “Dowry” or “Dahez” or “Varakatnam” in a sense of an expression is demand for valuables from the bride’s parents, agreement to the wedding. 1. The Times of India. Where any dowry is received by any person other than the woman in connection with whose marriage it is given, that person shall have to transfer to the woman- if the dowry was received before marriage, it should be returned after three months after the date of marriage, if the dowry was received at the time of or after the marriage, it should be returned after three month of the date of receipt and if the dowry was received when the woman was a minor, it should be returned after three months of attainment of age 18 years. Research Paper on: Dowry Deaths and Dowry System in India Page | 1 Status of Women in Ancient India According to the analysis given by Veena Talwar Oldenburg in her book 1, it is mentioned that the paper trail left by the British Bureaucrats during the British Colonial rule of India and according to the personal remarks from women of India, including the author’s remarks on dowry system, it can be inferred that the theory of dowry was directly responsible … Greed Factor – dowry demands often is exemplary of the collective greed of the society. The bride who brings insufficient dowry is made to suffer. Dowry created a lot of problem for girl’s family because they would not get groom if they wouldn’t pay handsome amount of dowry for their daughter.  Declaration on The Elimination of Violence Against Women, 1993, Article 1. Copyright © 2018 lawaudience.com – All Rights Reserved. Irrespective of various legislative provisions to prohibit dowry and International Conventions, dowry continues to be a part of Indian marriages because even the best of laws cannot play an important role in the eradication of the dowry, if the level of legal consciousness in society is negligible with regard to understanding of law and to relevant legal estimations and attitudes.. Dowry means those gifts and presents which are given by a father or a guardian to his daughter at the time of her marriage. Dowry problem still exists in Bangladesh, Explain the dowry system in Bangladesh and its prevention measure. Dowry system has given rise to many socio economic problems with very serious consequences. Dowry is the transfer of parental property, gifts or money to the husband or the family to whom the girl is marrying. STEP 4: SWOT Analysis of the Dowry System 2 HBR Case Solution: Pest analysis. Short essay. Thus dowry … The present article proposes that contemporary dowry no longer resembles the traditional out-dated version of transferring assets to the bride as ‘Streedhan’ or ‘Bride Price’, rather became a prestige issue. Families of the bride and groom negotiate transfer of assets to the groom and his family in exchange for marrying the bride, often within the context of an arranged marriage. Dowry System Essay – 2 (300 words) Introduction. Wikianswers is no possibility for essays on dowry system in viking scandinavia part essay in punjabi language get help with your writing 1 through 30. The dowry system in India refers to the durable goods, cash, and real or movable property that the bride's family gives to the bridegroom, his parents and his relatives as a condition of the marriage. Marriage as a financial transaction 12. Introduction 2. Dbq 21 world war 2 the road to war essay writing an argumentative essay powerpoint. causes of dowry in india, causes of dowry system, causes. The Declaration further calls on nations to enact and enforce legislation against perpetrators for the act of violence against women, mostly dowry-related violence. Well, government can formulate rules, it depends upon the community to follow it or not. 3. According to research, brideprice has been declining since the beginning of the … 4. In 2018, there were 7.1 thousand reported cases of dowry. A CRITICAL STUDY. Black-money is playing a very important role in encouraging the dowry system. The offence of demanding dowry holds good even before marriage is solemnised and constant demand of dowry after marriage attracts section 4 of the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961. Dowry-related cases are also far more likely to see acquittals, and this extends even to dowry deaths; two out of three persons tried for dowry deaths were acquitted in 2013. Good, 2018. Greed Factor – dowry demands often is exemplary of the collective greed of the society. SOCIAL FACTORS OF DOWRY DEATH Share is a social sin, which is normal among upper and white collar classes of Hindu group of India, and is the key factor forunnatural passings … Home; Our Story; Blog; The Caregiver’s Care Package; Home; Our Story; Blog; The Caregiver’s Care Package Dowry also varies simply by class, or perhaps caste, in India. Dowry System in Society. In a democracy everything should be democratic, “Babul pyare sajan Sakha re, Suno meri maiyya, Bojh nahi main kisi ke sar ka, Naa majdhar mein naiyaa, Patwar banoongi, leharon se ladungi, Arey mujhe kya bechega rupaiya, Ho arey mujhe kya bechega rupaiya”. In Maharashtra most farmer went in debt because of dowry apart from other reasons and committed suicide. 1. It remains to be the appropriate measure of effective conversation, 42 science conversation with scores (fifth grade) maria alex 1 alex: What did you collect and combine sentences as concise as possible. This may be in part due to women’s economical exclusion from your labor industry in top classes. This is of course an incomplete analysis as it doesn’t throw light on inflation of dowry. What is Bride burning? In some cases, the dowry system leads to crime against women, ranging from emotional abuse and injury to even deaths. The paper further explores society’s discursive construction of dowry marriage and people’s understanding of it to reflect on their social relations. In chapter, it is and what forces interplay and counteract it e. Jones vol. Case study civil engineering Case study dell inc changing the business model. The girl’s parents (bride family) gives the goods, cash, gifts, and real or movable property to the groom, his parents, or his relatives as a condition of the marriage, and engagement. Dowry system is a tradition that does not belong to a single country, it is in all over the world. Dowry is cash, durable goods and moveable property given by the bride parents to the groom or his relatives or parents as a condition to the marriage. Dowry System came into practice in the vedic period when upper caste people presented the bridegroom with dowry. BRIDGE COURSES AS INTRODUCED BY THE NATIONAL MEDICAL COMMISSION BILL, 2017: FROM PUBLIC HEALTH PERSPECTIVE. What is Dowry?3. The dowry system is largely condemned and even legally banned in some societies. The dowry system, that includes the bride’s family offering gifts in the form of cash and kind to the groom’s family, is largely condemned by the society however some people argue that it has its own advantages and that people are still following it only because it does hold importance for the brides and benefits them in certain ways. R. Jaganmohan Rao, Dowry System in India—A Socio-Legal Approach To The Problem, 15 Journal of the Indian Law Institute 617–625 (1973). In view of the increasing number of dowry-related offences against women, Government of India introduced many legislative provisions under Indian Penal Code, 1860 and Criminal Procedure Code, 1973 and Indian Evidence Act, 1872. It is the system which lowers the dignity of women. Dowry stemmed from India's skewed inheritance laws, and the Hindu Succession Act needed to be amended to stop the routine disinheritance of daughters. The Dowry Prohibition Act,1961 was made to prohibit the giving or taking of dowry. genre writing. |VOLUME 1|ISSUE 5|OCT 2019|ISSN (O): 2581-6705|, Law Audience Journal (ISSN (O): 2581-6705), PUBLICATION ETHICS AND PUBLICATION MALPRACTICE STATEMENT, DOWRY SYSTEM: TRADITION OR PRESTIGE? 1. The greed for dowry and undeniably the dowry system as a tradition calls for the severest criticism. It is a custom which is prevalent in all the sections of our society in one form or the other. Marriage in India is steeped in traditions and deep-rooted cultural beliefs. Causes of Dowry System. A CRITICAL STUDY” DOWRY-SYSTEM-TRADITION-OR-PRESTIGE-A-CRITICAL-STUDY.pdf – Downloaded 119 times – 953 KB. Advocates of the dowry system may support various unfair causes to support it but the fact is that it does more harm to society as a whole. India signed the Convention in 1980 and ratified it on July 9, 1993. Dowry law in India 9.Dowry death new ruling India 10. Archived from the original on 4 March 2015. The parents must say no to proposals of marriage who demand for dowry. Vedic Index: Names and Subjects, Indian Text Series (John Murray, London, 1912), Volume 1:482-485. DOWRY SYSTEM IN INDIA: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS, Procedure to adopt a child under Hindu Law, MARITAL RAPE: INDIAN HUSBAND’S RIGHT TO RAPE, Prevention Of Atrocities Against SCs And STs, Best Book For IPC To Prepare For Judiciary. An essay on evils of dowry system in India. Causes of Dowry System. Rather, the masses are the ones who hold the concentrate to eliminate the dowry system. SWOT analysis helps the business to identify its strengths and weaknesses, as well as understanding of opportunity that can be availed and the threat that the company is facing. There is no significance difference between the attitude of educated and uneducated female parents towards dowry system. Penalty for giving and taking dowry is not applicable in case of the presents given at the time of marriage without any demand..  Hakam Singh vs State of Punjab (1990) I DMC 343. The system should, therefore, not be entirely ignored or banned with the view of its disadvantages only. Dowry system is followed in India since a very long time. The dowry system 6.Dowry System in India 7. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The show Satyamev Jayate’s one episode reflected on the issue of dowry system there were girls on the show who were cheated by fraudently taking dowry money from them and running away to foreign countries and not returning. The wealth and pr… Gender inequality was seen much before the United Nations even established in the year 1945. Dowry is a socio-structural phenomenon. International Covenant on Social, Economic and Cultural Rights, 1966 and International Covenant on Civil and Political rights 1966, and various other regional and International Conventions on human rights of women become International concern when U.N. General Assembly adopted the Convention on Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against women adopted in the year 1979 and became effective in the year 1981. to 1500 B.C. Dowry System allows a variety of crimes to take place every day. It was meant to help the newly-wedded couple set up a new home and live happily. Even for the poorest families, a typical dowry now consists of lavish items such as automobiles, cash, electronic items etc. Dowry is a payment of cash or valuable gifts from the bride’s family to the bridegroom upon marriage. History Of Dowry. And, it was unclear as to how quickly the practice of dowry demand by grooms began, whether this happened after Manu sanctioned dowry or it’s the inheritance laws after 11th Century. Dowry is essentially in the nature of a payment in cash or … This study explores the practice of giving dowry, not primarily a means of transferring property at the time of marriage, but significantly a mode of representing social status and prestige in the community. Gender imbalance – the much abhorred practices like abortion of female fetuses and killing of girl babies have resulted into an unnaturally skewed child sex ratio (CSR) in India. In this essay on dowry, we will see what dowry exactly is, how it started, and why it should be stopped now.  The punishment could be 5 years imprisonment and a fine of Rs.15000 or the value of the dowry received, whichever is more.. If any person fails to transfer any property, then he shall be punishable with imprisonment of term which shall not be less than 6 months but which may extend to two years or with fine not less than five thousand rupees but may extend to ten thousand rupees. The parents must educate their daughter, encourage them to be independent, not depending on either parents or husband, treat them equally with their sons and teach them not to entertain the practice of giving or taking dowry. Dowry system has long been exploiting the weak and hampering the right to peaceful existence of a woman. Dowry System in India Leila Ateffakhr * Department of Law, University of Kerala . Every offence under this Act is non-bailable and non-compoundable. Where the needs of the family caregiver come first. Hates dowry system in our indian society there is a result of the dowry system essay osborne march 11, india essay in india dowry harassment. Dowry system has become one of the greatest social evils these days and hundreds of innocent lives have been lost.  India has seen the inheritance share of daughters from their father’s property equal to the fourth part of their brothers. Michael Weitzel, in contrast, observed ancient Indian literature suggest dowry practice was not significant as the bride was having inheritance rights either by appointment or when they do not have brothers. Money easily earned is easily given. Dowry system is entirely the manifestation of the patriarchal nature where men are taken to be in higher level to women in aspects of mental and physical capabilities. Although its practice became illegal in 1961, dowry flourishes among all social classes. Dowry is referred to as Jahez in Arabic (derived from Islamic jahez-e-fatimi). Section 498A IPC was criticized on the grounds of non-bailable and cognizable offence and that it involves mechanical arrest by the police officials. The girl’s parents (bride family) gives the goods, cash, gifts, and real or movable property to the groom, his parents, or his relatives as a condition of the marriage, and engagement. Eradicating this evil is not possible without educating the society. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN THE INDIAN JUDICIAL SYSTEM: THE NEED OF THE HOUR. According to this Act, dowry means any property or valuable security given or agreed to be given directly or indirectly by one party to a marriage to the other party to the marriage or by the parents of either party to a marriage or by any other person to either party to the marriage or to any other person. The dowry system is largely condemned and even legally banned in some societies. There should be combined efforts from both parties, society, Non-Government organisations, Judiciary and executive against taking dowry, dowry deaths and violence against women and moreover upholding the dignity and status of women equally as men in the society. Based on the Supreme Court’s judgement in the above case, Parliament set up a committee headed by Bhagat Singh Koshayari.. Dowry ProhibitionIn response to the criticism of the dowry system the Indian government acted in1961 by legislating the Dowry Prohibition Act in 1961. 500+ Words Essay on Dowry System. ANALYSING THE ROLE OF DIFFERENT REGULATORY AUTHORITIES IN SHAPING UP OF FDI POLICIES IN INDIA. Original 18th may 2015 ones who hold the concentrate to eliminate the dowry Prohibition,., government can formulate rules, it has turned into an evil social over! B ) Indian Penal Code deals with dowry growing both in families participating and in cost across.! Complaint against the persons harassing her for the poorest of the patriarchal nature of a.! Lowered the status of women any expenditure incurred in its performance was minimal, and not burdensome on either.... Reduce class reasons and committed suicide Act have not met with the view of its only. 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